There is a specific type of fungus called Candida and actually it’s found in lots of different places in our body like on our skin and in the mouth, the digestive tract and also in the genital area and when the fungal count is low, it doesn’t cause an active infection but there are various things that can cause an overgrowth of this fungus and it causes an active infection when this happens in the mouth or on the lips or even in the throat and esophagus. It’s called oral thrush and for a baby it will look like whitish or yellowish patches on the baby’s tongue or on their cheeks, even on their gums and so if you notice this, take your baby to the doctor and after performing an exam, they’ll be able to say if it is indeed thrush or not and then determine what the best treatment plan is going to be.
If a baby with oral thrush is breastfeeding then both the mother and the baby may need to be treated so that they don’t pass it back and forth to each other and another culprit to perpetuate the infection is a pacifier and so it’s important to clean those and replace them as you’re treating your baby. The treatment is an antifungal medication and once the doctor has determined that this is indeed the case, they will prescribe the one that’s most appropriate, sometimes it can take up to two weeks for the medication to work and for the infection to go away. If you don’t feel like you’re seeing improvement after the doctor has prescribed a medication and you’ve been using it as directed, call the doctor back and they can tell you if it just needs a little more time to work or if they’d like to see you again to determine if something else needs to be tried.
Causes of Oral thrush
Normally, your immune system works to repel harmful invading organisms, such as viruses, bacteria and fungi, while maintaining a balance between “good” and “bad” microbes that normally inhabit your body. But sometimes these protective mechanisms fail, increasing the number of candida fungus and allowing an oral thrush infection to take hold.
The most common type of candida fungus is Candida albicans. Several factors, such as a weakened immune system, can increase your risk of oral thrush.