Now let’s cover allergic reactions, we’ve all heard stories of people who have died suddenly from a severe allergic reaction and these stories are frightening but fortunately events like this are very rare with less than 1,500 deaths from all different age groups and all types of allergies in the United States, statistically this is a very small number compared to approximately 50 million Americans that suffer from some form of allergy but unfortunately a recent studies show that allergies of all kinds are increasing in developed countries, nobody knows why for sure but one prominent theory is that we’ve developed too sterile a lifestyle with the constant use of antibacterial soap and this different hand sanitizers and air tight modern homes, our body’s immune systems are not developing to fight germs in the same way as they did in the past, now this can lead to over reactive immune systems, finding a balance between healthy living and clean living is a must so other theories include overuse of antibiotics, excessive immunizations, highly processed foods and environmental pollutants that have all led to the breakdown and confusion of the body’s natural immune system but whatever the cause, the reality is that more people are developing allergies than ever before and we need to be prepared to handle those emergencies from allergic reactions. Now you might find it interesting to know that food and insect allergies are the most common causes of severe reactions that happen outside of the hospital, with food allergies being the most prevalent, children tend to be the most affected and according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention between the years of 1997 and 2007 in the United States, the number of children that have food allergies rose by 18 percent, fortunately most children outgrow their food-related allergies by adulthood but peanut allergies tend to be lifetime.

Now you might be thinking to yourself yeah but what causes an allergy to develop, well the immune system normally defends the body against things that can be dangerous to your health such as viruses and bacteria, a healthy immune system keeps a person from getting sick when harmful germs find their way into the body by attacking and destroying the germs, an allergy results when the immune system mistakenly targets an ovary acts by attacking a normally harmless substance that’s been eaten, inhaled, injected or as contact to the skin, this substance that causes an allergy is called an allergen, an allergen may have been introduced to the body many times before without any trouble at all but at some point for some reason the body flags it as an invader and triggers the immune system to attack the allergen, the body will remember that specific allergen by producing antibodies that will be ready to go into action to attack the allergen as soon as it enters the body, this is the reason that an allergic reaction is often more severe the second or even the third time when it happens. Now when the immune system attacks an allergen, high quantities of histamine and other chemicals are released into surrounding tissues and depending on the part of the body involved, the histamine and chemicals cause itching, hives, rash, sneezing, they can form wheezing, it can cause swelling, a runny nose, nausea and even more symptoms than that.

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