Person Wearing Black Active Wear Holding Her Tummy
Person Wearing Black Active Wear Holding Her Tummy

The appendix is the little one ended tube that’s attached to the cecum of the large intestine, sometimes it’s called the vermiform appendix where a vermiform means worm-shaped, so that should paint a pretty clear picture of what it looks like and this odd kind of cute little worm-like structures function is actually unknown, though some theories suggest that it might be a safe house for gut flora and some evidence seems to suggest that it plays a part in the lymphatic and immune system, other arguably more cynical viewpoints think that it’s just a useless vestigial organ from our ancestors whatever the case may be, the fact remains that it’s pretty talented at getting inflamed and causing abdominal pain. The condition known as appendicitis, as much as 10% of the population develops appendicitis at some point and it’s the most common surgical emergency of the abdomen since the appendix is a hollow tube. The most common cause of inflammation is something getting stuck in or obstructing that tube like a fecal if which is a hardened lump of fecal matter that finds its way into the lumen of the appendix and wedges itself there, it could also be other things though like seeds that were digested or even pinworm infections which are intestinal parasites.

Another cause of the obstruction especially in children in adolescence is lymphoid follicle growth also known as lymphoid hyperplasia. Lymphoid follicles are dense collections of lymphocytes that get to their maximum size in the appendix during adolescence, sometimes this growth though can literally obstruct the tube also when exposed to viral infections like adenovirus measles or even immunizations. The immune system ramps up and these follicles can grow as well, whatever the cause of the obstruction is….now the appendix is plugged up right, well the intestinal lumen including the appendix is always secreting mucus and fluids from its mucosa to keep pathogens from entering the bloodstream and also keep the tissue moist even when it’s plugged. The appendix just keeps secreting as usual and when this happens, fluid and mucus builds up which increases the pressure in the appendix and just like when you fill up a water balloon it gets bigger and physically pushes on the affair and visceral nerve fibers in your body causing abdominal pain along with that, the flora and bacteria in the gut are now trapped right an intestinal bacteria that are usually kept in check in the gut like e.coli and Bacteroides fragilis are now free to multiply and this causes the immune system to call up white blood cells and pus starts to accumulate in the appendix.

Leave a Reply