Man in White T-shirt Holding Black Metal Bar
Man in White T-shirt Holding Black Metal Bar

Causes of childhood asthma diagnosed before age 12 are thought to be due to a stronger genetic influence worse later onset as most more likely to be due to environmental factors, now the triggering substance that leads to an asthma attack can differ from person to person but some common ones include air pollution like cigarette, smoke and car exhaust as well as allergens like dust, pet, dander, cockroaches and mold medications like aspirin and beta blockers have also been known to trigger symptoms in some individuals with asthma.
Symptoms of asthma include coughing, a feeling of chest tightness dyspnea or difficulty breathing and wheezing or a high-pitched whistling sound that usually happens during exhalation occasionally in the spin, there might be Kersh min spirals which are spiral shaped mucus plugs or basically elongated mucus casts from the small bronchi of people with bronchial asthma, mucus plugs can be particularly dangerous because they not only block exchange of air but they also block inhaled medications from getting to the site of inflammation, the mucus might also have Charcot Laden crystals which are shaped like needles and are formed by the breakdown of eosinophils, now asthma can be classified according to the frequency of symptoms in particular nighttime, in early morning symptoms the fev1 or forced expiratory volume in one second the PE FR or peak expiratory flow rates both of which measure the amount of obstruction in the airways and finally how often a person is using asthma medication to help with the symptoms from least to most severe. The types of asthma are intermittent asthma, mild persistent asthma, moderate persistent asthma and finally severe persistent asthma, while there’s no cure for asthma, there are treatments available that can help manage the symptoms and prevent the development of an asthma attack, First people with asthma should avoid or minimize contact with triggering substances by vacuuming, removing carpets and rugs and changing the environmental conditions like for example drying out a room in the case of moulds that grow well in moist areas. There are also a number of medications that can reduce the symptoms of asthma bronchodilators like short-acting beta-2 receptors a Guinness tz and anticholinergic medications are often administered through emergency inhalers. These fast-acting medications cause the smooth muscles in the lungs to relax and therefore dilate the airways opening them up so that the person can breathe, individuals with more severe forms of asthma might need additional treatments like daily corticosteroids, long-acting beta audrina scepter agonists or leukotriene antagonists, in very severe cases intravenous corticosteroids magnesium sulfate and oxygen therapy might be needed. So as a quick recap, asthma is characterized by chronic inflammation in the lungs as well as asthma exacerbations or attacks where certain triggers start up more inflammation which leads to smooth muscle spasms in mucus production both of which make it hard to breathe.

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