What are Hemorrhoids or piles? Hemorrhoids are vein blood vessels within the walls of the rectum and anal canal, hemorrhoids are also known as piles, the hemorrhoids or piles will occur when the vein blood vessels become swollen.
Hemorrhoids are classified into two;
The piles or hemorrhoids that occur in the rectum are called internal hemorrhoids and the ones that occur near the anus are called external hemorrhoids, according to the degree of severity of hemorrhoids, internal hemorrhoids can be classified into the various categories like first, second, third and fourth degree categories, the first degree internal hemorrhoids always remains inside the rectum, the second degree internal hemorrhoids tend to come out of the rectum during a bowel movement and then return to the inside of the rectum after the bowel movement on their own, the third degree internal hemorrhoids extends outside of the rectum during a bowel movement and they need to be pushed back into the rectum after the bowel movement, the fourth degree internal hemorrhoids always remains outside of the rectum irrespective of the bowel movement and cannot be pushed back into the rectum.
Treatment (Home remedies)
You can often relieve the mild pain, swelling and inflammation of hemorrhoids with home treatments.
Eat high-fiber foods- Eat more fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Doing so softens the stool and increases its bulk, which will help you avoid the straining that can worsen symptoms from existing hemorrhoids. Add fiber to your diet slowly to avoid problems with gas.
Use topical treatments- Apply an over-the-counter hemorrhoid cream or suppository containing hydrocortisone, or use pads containing witch hazel or a numbing agent. Soak regularly in a warm bath or sitz bath, Soak your anal area in plain warm water for 10 to 15 minutes two to three times a day. A sitz bath fits over the toilet.Take oral pain relievers. You can use acetaminophen (Tylenol, others), aspirin or ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others) temporarily to help relieve your discomfort.
With these treatments, hemorrhoid symptoms often go away within a week. See your doctor in a week if you don’t get relief, or sooner if you have severe pain or bleeding.