Woman in White Hijab Covering Her Face With White Blanket
Woman in White Hijab Covering Her Face With White Blanket

Let’s talk about how these bacteria cause damage, for the most parts typhi is spread from person to person via the fecal-oral route, this means that most infected individuals ingest the bacteria from contaminated food or water and like many foodborne illnesses, lack of proper hand-washing is often to blame, once ingested typhi can survive passage through the stomach thanks to their acid tolerance genes, after surviving the acidic pH of the stomach, they pass through to the small and large intestines, there they invade the mucous membrane of the intestines specifically the epithelial cells invasion of the epithelial cells triggers an inflammatory response causing tissue damage and diarrhea, the bacteria can also spread to the liver spleen and bone marrow causing systemic disease.

The only way to know for sure if someone has been infected with s typhi is to test a blood or stool sample in the lab, for the most part symptoms of typhoid fever begin after an incubation period of 10 to 14 days, CDC recommends that anyone with a fever higher than a hundred and two degrees Fahrenheit should see a doctor immediately once diagnosed. Typhoid fever is treated with antibiotics, for some patients symptoms may go away just after they start taking the antibiotics but it’s incredibly important that they finished the full course of treatment, that’s because the danger of typhoid fever doesn’t end when the symptoms go away, patients can pass the bacteria to other people or they might develop antibiotic resistance that will make a future infection more difficult to treat, when traveling especially two regions of the world that are high risk for typhoid fever, CDC recommends getting vaccinated before leaving and being extremely careful about what you eat and drink , for instance boiling water before drinking, avoiding ice in drinks, eating only thoroughly cooked foods and avoiding raw vegetables that can’t be peeled….those are the basics regarding typhoid fever.

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