Woman Suffering From Her Allergy
Woman Suffering From Her Allergy

What is sinusitis? before we can answer that question we should talk a little bit about anatomy, sinuses are hollow spaces in the bones around the nose that connect to the nose through small narrow channels. Humans possess four paired paranasal sinuses, your cheek bones hold your maxillary sinuses, the largest, the low center of your forehead is where your frontal sinuses are located, between your eyes are your ethmoid sinuses in bones, behind your nose are your fonua sinuses, they’re lined with soft pink tissue called mucosa sinusitis. Sinusitis occur due to viral infection, it can also be caused by bacterial infection while small population can have it due to fungal disease, there are some predisposing factors that make it more likely that you get sinusitis including allergic rhinitis which makes it easier for infection to occur.

Exposure to smoke or cigarette smoking anatomical abnormalities which make it difficult for sinuses to drain the central event in sinusitis is blockage of the sinus openings or OSHA as a result of inflammation unable to circulate air and eliminate the secretions that are produced, obstructed sinuses become an ideal environment for bacterial infection.

Types of sinusitis include;

  • Acute sinusitis which lasts up to four weeks
  • Sub acute sinusitis which lasts four to twelve weeks 3. Chronic sinusitis which lasts more than 12 weeks and can continue for months or even years
  • Recurrent sinusitis with several attacks within a year

What are the signs and symptoms of sinusitis?
First thing that most people notice is going to be pain, the pain may be localized to the sinus involved or can also cause generalized pain which may present as headache, if you tap on the sinus involved with finger, it can produce tenderness also since the mucosa is inflamed, it will produce lots of mucus which is going to drain into the nasal cavity through sinus openings or OSHA. Check next post for part 2.

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